Statistics

During the last three decades, the turkey industry has come from a single-product, holiday-oriented business into a fully integrated industry with a diversified product line that competes with other protein products on a year-round basis. The following information provides an overview of the turkey industry's growth.

 

Turkey Consumption

Turkey consumption more than doubled since 1970, due to consumers' recognition of turkey's good taste and nutritional value.

In 2012, U.S. consumption of turkey was 16.0 pounds per person. 

More and more Americans are realizing that turkey is not just for the holidays. Although 50 percent of all turkey consumed in 1970 was during the holidays, today that number is around 31 percent as more people enjoy delicious turkey year-round.

In 2012, turkey was the #4 protein choice for American consumers. Consumption of turkeys for 2012 is slightly above 5 billion

 

Turkey Production

Turkey Production in the United States has increased nearly 104 percent since 1970, meeting consumers' demand as more people choose turkey. With the value added to turkey through processing into a wide varitey of cuts, parts and further processed products, the total value of turkey processors' production in 2011 was nearly $18 billion.

An estimated 242 million turkeys will be raised in 2013. (Source: USDA NASS)

 

The following are America's top turkey producing states.
Turkeys: Number raised 2011-2012*
State 2011 2012 % of 2012
Minnesota 46.5 46.0 99
North Carolina 32.0 36.0 113
Arkansas 30.5 29.0 95
Missouri 17.5 17.5 100
Virginia  17.5 17.0 97
Indiana 16.0 16.5 103
California 15.0 15.5 103
South Carolina 11.5 12.0 104
Pennsylvania 7.5 12.0 160
Ohio 5.0 5.5 110
Other States 49.5 45.5 92
US Total 248.5 253.5 107

*Numbers raised in millions

 

Top Turkey Processors, 2012
Top U.S. Turkey Processors
Company Total Liveweight Processed*
Butterball, LLC 1,300
Jennie-O Turkey Store, Inc. 1,275
Cargill Value Added Meats 1,095
Farbest Foods, Inc.  385
Hillshire Brands Co. 358
Kraft Foods, Inc./Oscar Mayer 280
Foster Farms 274
Perdue Farms, Inc. 271
House of Raeford Farms, Inc. 253
Virginia Poultry Growers Coop. Inc. 251
West Liberty Foods, LLC 224.8
Cooper Farms 207
Dakota Provisions 206
Michigan Turkey Producers 185
Hain Pure Protein Corp. 182
Turkey Valley Farms 150
Zacky Farms, LLC 149
Prestage Foods 140
Norbest, Inc. (Moroni Feed Co.) 102.8
Northern Pride 40
White Water Processing Co. 30.3
Empire Kosher Poultry 25.2

Liveweight Processed (Million Pounds)*
Estimates for 2012 from March 2013 Watt Poultry, USA

 

Year No. of Turkeys* Liveweight* Gross Farm Income**
2000 270 6.960 2.828
2001 273 7.173 2.797
2002 275 7.495 2.732
2003 270 7.231 2.503
2004 256 6.949 2.887
2005 250 6.992 3.108
2006 256 7.224 3.468
2007 267 7.562 3.952
2008 273 7.922 4.447
2009 247 7.149 3.573
2010 244 7.110 4.374
2011 248 7.319 4.99
2012 253.5 7.546 5.411

*In millions       **In billions of dollars

 

Exports

Like domestic turkey consumption, turkey exports continued to grow throughout the last decade. The following information shows the worldwide popularity of American turkey products.

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
$48.5 $88.6 $151.4 $173.5 $197.4 $199.73 254.58 $327.79 $241.99 $198 $225.6 $257.1
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012  
$201.8 $265.9 $299.2 $388.7 $399.7 $399.7 $481.9 $394.6 $464.1 $599.5 $678.5  

*In millions of dollars

 

U.S. Turkey Exports*
Year Whole Body Parts Total
2000 33.3 412.0 445.3
2001 20.3 466.7 487.0
2002 15.3 423.3 438.6
2003 27.2 456.6 483.8
2004 22.8 419.7 442.5
2005 31.2 538.4 569.6
2006 33.5 513.3 546.6
2007 53.1 493.4 546.5
2008 53.8 622.4 676.2
2009 61.8 472.0 533.8
2010 50.9 531.9 582.8
2011 61.9 641.4 703.3
2012 75.4 724.6 800

 

 

Top Five U.S. Total Turkey Export to Major Importers, 2012
Country Amount*
Mexico 412,707
Canada 31,196
Hong Kong 26,594
Russia 8,933
South Korea 7,146

* Thousand Pounds

Top Five Turkey Consuming Countries, 2012
Country Per Capita Consumption*
United States 7.5
Canada 4.3
European Union 3.8
Brazil 1.73
Mexico 1.5

*In Kg.