During the last three decades, the turkey industry has come from a single-product, holiday-oriented business into a fully integrated industry with a diversified product line that competes with other protein products on a year-round basis. The following information provides an overview of the turkey industry's growth.


Turkey Consumption

Turkey consumption more than doubled since 1970, due to consumers' recognition of turkey's good taste and nutritional value.

In 2013, U.S. consumption of turkey was 16.0 pounds per person. 


More and more Americans are realizing that turkey is not just for the holidays. Although 50 percent of all turkey consumed in 1970 was during the holidays, today that number is around 31 percent as more people enjoy delicious turkey year-round.

In 2013, turkey was the #4 protein choice for American consumers. Consumption of turkeys for 2013 is slightly above 5 billion


Turkey Production

Turkey Production in the United States has increased nearly 104 percent since 1970, meeting consumers' demand as more people choose turkey. With the value added to turkey through processing into a wide varitey of cuts, parts and further processed products, the total value of turkey processors' production in 2011 was nearly $18 billion.

An estimated 242 million turkeys will be raised in 2013. (Source: USDA NASS)


The following are America's top turkey producing states.
Turkeys: Number raised 2012-2013*

State 2012 2013
Minnesota 46.0 44.0
North Carolina 36.0 34.0
Arkansas 29.0 28.0
Indiana 16.5 17.5
Missouri 17.5 17.0
 Virginia 17.0 15.5
California 15.5 13.0
South Carolina 12.0 12.0
Pennsylvania 12.0 7.0
Ohio 5.5 5.5
Other  46.5 46.5
Total 253.5 240.0

*Number of raised in millions


Top Turkey Processors, 2013
Top U.S. Turkey Processors
Company Total Liveweight Processed*
Butterball, LLC 1,300.0
Jennie-O Turkey Store, Inc. 1,250.0
Cargill Value Added Meats 1,071.0
Farbest Foods, Inc.  411.0
Hillshire Brands Co. (was Sara Lee) 402.0
Kraft Foods, Inc./Oscar Mayer 280
Perdue Farms 277.0
Foster Farms 270.0
Virginia Poultry Growers Coop. 239.0
West Liberty Foods, LLC 216.3
Cooper Farms 205.0
Michigan Turkey Producers 190.0
Dakota Provisions 179.0
Hain Pure Protein Corp. (Plainville Farms) 172.0
Turkey Valley Farms 145.0
Prestage Foods 140.0
Norbest, Inc. (Moroni Feed Co.) 82.0
Zacky Farms, LLC 68.3
Northern Pride Turkey 40.0
White Water Processing Co. 30.0
Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. 25.2
Koch's Turkey Farm 15.2
Jaindl Turkey Sales, Inc. 11.0

Liveweight Processed (Million Pounds)*
Estimates for 2013 from March 2014 Watt Poultry, USA




Like domestic turkey consumption, turkey exports continued to grow throughout the last decade. The following information shows the worldwide popularity of American turkey products.

In Million Pounds


Top Five U.S. Total Turkey Export to Major Importers, 2013
Country Amount*
Mexico 409,834
Canada 23,270
Hong Kong 12,822
South Korea 5,358
Russia 1,118

* Thousand Pounds



Top Five Turkey Consuming Countries, 2013
Country Per Capita Consumption*
United States 7.26
Canada 4.2
European Union 3.79
Brazil 1.72
Mexico 1.42

*In Kg.