Turkey Roasting Times from the National Turkey Federation
The National Turkey Federation recommends roasting a turkey in a 325 degree F oven until a meat thermometer indicates the internal temperature registers 180 degrees F in the thigh and 165-170 degrees F in the breast. Pop-up timers are helpful as a preliminary step in judging the correct temperature, but a meat thermometer is the best final authority to determine doneness.
See how easy it is to roast a turkey.
A shallow roasting pan should be used so oven air can flow completely around the turkey. Pans with sides higher than 1 inch will shield the thickest part of the turkey thighs from the heat, and the thighs will not cook evenly. For easier clean-up, add 1/2 cup of water to the bottom of the pan.
If you stuff the bird, stuff it immediately before you place it in the oven. The center of the stuffing must register 165 degrees F. If the turkey is done before the stuffing, remove the turkey from the oven and finishing cooking it outside the turkey until it reaches the required temperature. If you do not stuff the turkey, the addition of 2 cups of coarsely chopped celery, onion and carrots to the cavity will enhance the fragrance and add to the flavor of the pan juices.
The roasting times shown on the chart below reflect the shorter cooking times of the turkeys produced by today's turkey industry. Turkeys today take less time to cook than in the past because new turkey breeds produce a higher proportion of white meat. Since white meat cooks faster than dark meat, care should be taken to follow these guidelines to ensure a moist turkey. Use roasting times as a planning guide only; use a thermometer to determine actual doneness.
There are many factors that affect the roasting time.
These factors result in longer cooking times.
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